[47], Abe returned to the LDP leadership at a time of political turmoil, as the governing DPJ had lost its majority in the lower house due to party splits over nuclear policies and the cabinet's move to raise the consumption tax from 5 to 10 percent. [204][205], This new iteration of Abenomics was met with some criticism by commentators, who argued that it was not yet clear if the first three arrows had succeeded in lifting Japan out of deflation (inflation was some way below the 2 percent target), that the new arrows were merely presented as targets without the necessary policies to meet them, and that the targets themselves were unrealistic. [83] In December 2015, the government announced corporation tax would be reduced to 29.97 percent in 2016, bringing the cut forward one year ahead of schedule. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan, front center, and members of his cabinet posed for a photo at his office in Tokyo last year. During the visit, Abe attended a state dinner at the White House. He has received multiple awards as well from different countries. In addition to the cabinet positions existing under Koizumi, Abe created five new "advisor" positions. [217] Abe declared the tax deal to be "the best possible result" of the negotiations. The diplomatic tours also functioned as another element of Abenomics by promoting Japan to the international business community and opening up avenues for trade, energy and defense procurement deals (for example, business executives often travel with Abe on these visits). So far, Abe has successfully visited the Philippines and Indonesia, and although China is not within the Southeast Asian region, Japan has also sought its support. [116], In January 2014, Abe became the first Japanese leader to attend India's Republic Day Parade in Delhi as chief guest, during a three-day visit where he and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh agreed to increase co-operation over economic, defense and security issues and signed trade agreements related to energy, tourism and telecoms. The TV program, however, did not mention the full name of the tribunal and keywords such as "Japanese troops" or "sexual slavery", and it also cut the sight of the tribunal, the host grouping, statements of the organizer, and the judgment itself. Shinzo Abe was the 57th and is currently the 63rd prime minister of Japan, becoming the third longest serving prime minister. Most key figures, such as Deputy Prime Minister Aso and Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga, were kept in the post although Abe moved Justice Minister Sadakazu Tanigaki out of the cabinet to become Secretary-General of the LDP. [226] On 24 August 2020, Abe became the longest-serving prime minister in terms of consecutive days in office, surpassing Eisaku Satō's 2,798-day record. Kantei; "List of Ministers (The Cabinet)" (25 June 2015). He is the longest-serving Prime Minister in Japanese history. In fact, his maternal grandfather and the brother of his grandfather were both prime ministers. Credit... Kyodo News, via Getty Images [123] In addition, China has continued to criticise Abe's defense reform policies, warning that Japan should not abandon its post-war policy of pacifism. [31] In March 2007, Abe, along with right-wing politicians, proposed a bill to encourage nationalism and a "love for one's country and hometown" among the Japanese youth (specific wording from the revised "Fundamental Law of Education" 教育基本法, which was revised to include "love of country"). Abe maintained pressure on the Bank's governor, Masaaki Shirakawa, who was reluctant to set specific targets, into agreeing to the policy. [154] The Abe cabinet worked with the Jordanian government to attempt to secure the release of both hostages, after further videos were released by ISIL linking their fate to that of the pilot Muath Al-Kasasbeh, with deputy foreign minister Yasuhide Nakayama conducting negotiations in Amman. While this was expected to affect economic growth in the quarter following the rise, Abe also announced a 5  trillion yen stimulus package that aimed to mitigate any effects on economic revival. While in jail, he has already planned his comeback in politics. Before becoming a member of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, he first studied at the Tokyo Imperial University. Shinzo Abe was born on 21 September 1954 (age 66 years; as in 2020) in Tokyo, Japan. [159][160] The address served as part of a state visit to the United States, the eighth of the Obama Presidency, which the president referred to as a "celebration of the ties of friendship" between America and Japan. Shortly after the summit was announced, Abe told reporters he appreciated "North Korea's change" and attributed the diplomatic change in tone to the coordinated sanctions campaign by the United States, Japan, and South Korea. [172][173][174], Japan's relations with South Korea have improved somewhat during Abe's third term, in the aftermath of Abe's war anniversary statement. [114] In heralding the agreement, he also offered condolences for the suffering of Australians during World War Two – singling out the Kokoda Track campaign and Sandakan Death Marches. [28] Elected at age 52, he was the youngest prime minister since Fumimaro Konoe in 1941. Abe was a member of a prominent political family. This deal was reached after Abe was seen to come down strongly in favor of the position held by his junior coalition partner the Komeito, that the tax rate should be reduced, which prompted some disagreement from members of his own party, who favored a policy of greater fiscal consolidation through taxes. 7:23. Kan Abe was born on April 29, 1894, and graduated from Tokyo Imperial University. However, relations with China continue to be tarnished by the Senkaku Islands dispute and Abe's visits to the Yasukuni shrine (see below). The last-minute campaigning and voting took place as Typhoon Lan, the biggest typhoon of 2017, was wreaking havoc on Japan. Former Prime Minister Yoshirō Mori, to whose faction both Abe and Fukuda belonged, stated that the faction strongly leant toward Abe. Images of this blunder can now be seen clearly across the Internet, Have the slander campaigns already begun!? [185] The bills passed the House of Representatives on 16 July with the support of the majority LDP-Komeito coalition. [258] The same editorial presented him as a revisionist, a view largely accepted by the international and part of the Japanese press. Before they got married, she worked for Dentsu, the world’s largest advertising agency. This would allow the Self Defense Forces to come to the aid of, and defend, an ally under attack, whereas the previous interpretation of the constitution was strictly pacifist and allowed for the force to be used only in absolute self-defence. His mother, Yoko Kishi, is the daughter of Nobusuke Kishi (former Prime Minister of Japan from 1957 to 1960). [14] During his first period as prime minister he upgraded the Japan Defense Agency to full ministry status. Video caption Shinzo Abe: "I apologise to the people of Japan" . In an attempt to revive his administration, Abe announced a new cabinet on 27 August 2007. 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