26. men began to call upon the name of the Lord--rather, by the name of the Lord. They bear unto him sons, who dwell in tents, Genesis 4:20; invent musical instruments, Genesis 4:21; have skill in brass and iron, Genesis 4:22. The execution of the sentence, ver. Jabal was a famous shepherd; he delighted much in keepingcattle, and was so happy in devising methods of doing it to the best advantage, and instructing others in them, that the shepherds of those times, nay, the shepherds of after - times, called him Father; or perhaps his children after him, being brought up to the same employment: the family was a family of shepherds. which is the true sense of the words referring to the high privileges and authority belonging to the first-born in patriarchal times. Genesis 25. God then separated the light from the darkness. 19. The Exodus account, however, says nothing whatever about God's revelation to Moses concerning the sacred name being the first time that it had been known on earth, but merely reveals that the children of Israel at this stage of their development after four hundred years of slavery … brought . Those are cursed indeed that are for ever shut out from God's love and care, and from all hopes of his grace. For New King James text and commentary, click here. 15, 16. 15. whosoever slayeth Cain--By a special act of divine forbearance, the life of Cain was to be spared in the then small state of the human race. The intent is to provide a panoramic view of God’s creative activity. Chapter 4. Genesis 18. 1. Genesis 8. And Cain said . (Read Genesis 4:25,26) Our first parents were comforted in their affliction by the birth of a son, whom they called Seth, that is, 'set,' 'settled,' or 'placed;' in his seed mankind should continue to the end of time, and from him the Messiah should descend. The purport of the divine rebuke to Cain was this, "Why art thou angry, as if unjustly treated? Genesis 20. The term knew or “to know” is a polite way of saying they had sexual relations and the term is used often in the Bible in this sense (Genesis 4:17, 4:25, 38:26, Judges 11:39, 1 Samuel 1:19). The continual apprehension of being slain, as all the inhabitants of the earth were at that time of the same family, the parents themselves still alive, and each having a right to kill this murderer of his relative. My punishment is greater than I can bear--What an overwhelming sense of misery; but no sign of penitence, nor cry for pardon. When Jabal had set them in a way to be rich, Jubal put them in a way to be merry. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Commentaries: Forerunner Commentary What is the Forerunner Commentary? And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. 4:4 And the Lord God had respect to Abel and to his offering, and shewed his acceptance of it, probably by fire from heaven but to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. Salem Media Group. 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. In this chapter we have both the world and the church in a family, in a little family, in Adam’s family, and a specimen given of the character and state of both in after-ages, nay, in all ages, to the end of time. Leaving it, he not only severed himself from his relatives but forsook the ordinances of religion, probably casting off all fear of God from his eyes so that the last end of this man is worse than the first ( Matthew 12:45 ). So in Genesis 4:16, it is said, Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and was not permitted any more to associate with the family in acts of religious worship. They thought the price was too high and plotted to put one over on the management of the theater. And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. The murder committed, ver. 10. the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me--Cain, to lull suspicion, had probably been engaging in the solemnities of religion when he was challenged directly from the Shekinah itself. The birth, names, and callings of Cain and Abel, ver. 6 And the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? Genesis 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the … The sentence passed upon him, ver. Genesis 4:4-7 King James Version (KJV). 14. every one that findeth me shall slay me--This shows that the population of the world was now considerably increased. 7. 5 God called the light “day,” and the darkness he … When we sin we often do so with the futile hope that we shall obtain the maximum amount of pleasure at the minimum penalty. All this considered, Cain had no reason to he angry with his brother, but at himself only.Unto thee shall be his desire - He shall continue in respect to thee as an elder brother, and thou, as the first - born, shall rule over him as much as ever. If thou doest well (that is, wert innocent and sinless) a thank offering would have been accepted as a token of thy dependence as a creature. Cain's murder of his brother, and the process against him for that murder. This entry was posted on January 5, 2010 at 1:49 pm and is filed under Genesis. It seldom works that way, however. land of Nod--of flight or exile--thought by many to have been Arabia-Petræa--which was cursed to sterility on his account. He sees himself expelled from all the comforts of this life;and concludes. In the Talmud, the rabbis suggested several possibilities, including leprosy, boils, or a horn that grew out of Cain. His boasting, Genesis … 25, 26. CHAPTER 1. 3. in process of time--Hebrew, "at the end of days," probably on the Sabbath. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! And Cain went out from the faces of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land of Nod, toward the east of Eden. of Cain and Abel. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Genesis 4:4 "And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. Genesis 27. Genesis 26. 5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. Genesis 19. 13, 14. Lamech said unto his wives--This speech is in a poetical form, probably the fragment of an old poem, transmitted to the time of Moses. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. By the words "Cain went out from the faces of Jehovah" is signified that faith was separated from the good of the faith of love; "he dwelt in the land of Nod," signifies outside of truth and good; … The next book, Agony of Humankind and the Antidote explains Genesis 3. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. God creates the earth. All rights reserved. 2. (1) A simple factual statement regarding God’s work as Creator. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. Eve bears Cain and Abel—They offer sacrifices—Cain slays Abel and is cursed by the Lord, who also sets a … Genesis 15. For others it forms a pre-scientific vision that no one who respects the results of scholarship can accept. But Cain did not offer in faith, and so it turned into sin to him. 5, 6, 7. In the beginning God created the … 3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord. 11, 12. Genesis 4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. Genesis 4:16), where he had carried on his agricultural pursuits, and where God had revealed His face, i.e., His presence, to the men after their expulsion from the garden; so that henceforth Cain had to wander about upon the wide world, homeless and far from the presence of God, and was afraid lest any one who found him … Genesis 12. But right here in this chapter Eve used two different names for God: [~Yahweh] (Genesis 4:1) and [~'Elohiym] (Genesis 4:2). Genesis 6. The third day - "As the number Seven," says Mr. Ainsworth, "is of especial use in Scripture because of the Sabbath day, Genesis 2:2, so Three is a mystical number because of Christ's rising from the dead the third day, Matthew 17:23; 1 Corinthians 15:4; as he was crucified the third hour after noon, Mark 15:25; : and Isaac, as he was a figure of Christ, in being the only son of his father, and … Add to my study list. ... Chapter 4. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site. 17 - 24. Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord --that is, "by the help of the Lord"--an expression of pious gratitude--and she called him Cain, that is, "a possession," as if valued above everything else; while the arrival of another son reminding Eve of the misery she had entailed on her offspring, led to the name Abel, that is, either weakness, vanity (Psalms 39:5), or grief, lamentation. Genesis 12:4, ESV: "So Abram went, as the LORD had told him, and Lot went with him.Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran." 4 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have gotten 1 a man with the help of the Lord.” 2 And again, she bore his brother Abel. 7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be … And the … ... Theology of Work Bible Commentary - One Volume Edition. 4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. AC 397. Genesis 4-7 Listen : Cain and Abel (Genesis 4:1-8) 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. The creation of man occurs on the sixth day, … His own guilty conscience should haunt him where ever he went. Proud member Cain and Abel (Genesis 4:1-16), Commentary 8 Votes Abel was a shepherd, a profession often referred to for men of great passion for God. 23, 24. The birth of another son and grandson of Adam, ver. The arrangement was that his wife would let him out after she was insi… Francis Schaeffer mentions four different interpretations of the Genesis account of creation:For some this material is simply a Jewish myth, having no more historical validity for modern man than the Epic of Gilgamesh or the stories of Zeus. His complaint against the sentence, ver. The Theology of Work Bible Commentary is an in-depth Bible study tool put together by a group of biblical scholars, pastors, and workplace Christians to help you discover what the whole Bible--from … 3, 4. . 15. It seems to indicate that Lamech had slain a man in self-defense, and its drift is to assure his wives, by the preservation of Cain, that an unintentional homicide, as he was, could be in no danger. Genesis 4:6-7 We can interpret this two ways. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. . It shows the high, interpersonal terms in which the Bible sees the sexual relationship. c 4 God saw that the light was good. Genesis 10. The adamah, from the face of which the curse of Jehovah had driven Cain, was Eden (cf. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 12. a fugitive--condemned to perpetual exile; a degraded outcast; the miserable victim of an accusing conscience. In the well-known story of Cain and Abel, the first man … . 1, 2. God's acceptance of Abel's offering did not transfer the birth - right to him, (which Cain was jealous of) nor put upon him that dignity, and power, which is said to belong to it, Genesis 49:3 . Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a worker of the ground. * 1 In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth a — 2 * and the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss and a mighty wind sweeping over the waters— b 3 Then God said: Let there be light, and there was light. In Genesis 4 and 5 the human race is divided into two main groups: the descendants of Cain (Gen. 4: 17-24) and those of Seth ( verses 25, 26). But, you have to peer into the meaning of the Biblical Hebrew to understand. Bythis he was here condemned, to perpetual disgrace and reproach, and to perpetual disquietment and horror in his own mind. 3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an … In Genesis 6:1,2 this division is clearly recognized by referring to those who followed the Lord as "sons of God" and to the rest of humanity as "men." And the Lord had respect unto Abel and to his offering:. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 11, 12. now art thou cursed from the earth--a curse superadded to the general one denounced on the ground for Adam's sin. Go To MIUD . This sign is thought by the best writers to have been a wild ferocity of aspect that rendered him an object of universal horror and avoidance. Abel, though the younger, is mentioned first, probably on account of the pre-eminence of his religious character. Jubal was a famous musician, and particularly an organist, and thefirst that gave rules for that noble art or science of music. Tags: Forgiveness, Genesis 4, Lamech, Murder, Vengeance. Spiritual Meaning of GENESIS 4:16-17 previous - next - text - summary - Genesis - BM Home - Full Page. 16. presence of the Lord--the appointed place of worship at Eden. And Cain talked with Abel his brother--Under the guise of brotherly familiarity, he concealed his premeditated purpose till a convenient time and place occurred for the murder ( 1 John 3:12 , Jude 1:11 ). Login or Create an Account. Now to justify his complaint, Observe his descants upon the sentence. unto thee shall be his desire--The high distinction conferred by priority of birth is described ( Genesis 27:29 ); and it was Cain's conviction, that this honor had been withdrawn from him, by the rejection of his sacrifice, and conferred on his younger brother--hence the secret flame of jealousy, which kindled into a settled hatred and fell revenge. All rights reserved. Besides, A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth. i. 8. . The Story of Creation. Genesis 1 and 2 are a full summary of God's plan for humankind. Salem Media Group. Abel was a keeper of sheep--literally, "a feeder of a flock," which, in Oriental countries, always includes goats as well as sheep. Cain and Abel were probably twins; and it is thought that, at this early period, children were born in pairs ( Genesis 5:4 ) [CALVIN]. Genesis 14. 4. the Lord had respect unto Abel, not unto Cain, &c.--The words, "had respect to," signify in Hebrew,--"to look at any thing with a keen earnest glance," which has been translated, "kindle into a fire," so that the divine approval of Abel's offering was shown in its being consumed by fire (see Genesis 15:17 , Judges 13:20 ). Posted on Feb 4, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. and why is thy countenance fallen? Genesis 4. But the great difference was, Abel offered in faith, and Cain did not. The family and posterity of Cain, ver. First, from the beginning of God's dealings with mankind, He shows a major objective for man is to be accomplished by overcoming, mastering sin's desire to control and manipulate. The ratification of the sentence, ver. Genesis 13. I know not--a falsehood. There was a difference in the offerings they brought. He sees himself excluded by it from the favour of his God; andconcludes, that being cursed, he was hid from God's face, and that is indeed the true nature of God's curse; damned sinners find it so, to whom it is said, Depart from me ye cursed. Genesis 11. Genesis 4:2 : Genesis 4:4 >> Genesis 4:1-15. We are sure there was a good reason for this difference: that Governor of the world, though an absolute sovereign, doth not act arbitrarily in dispensing his smiles and frowns. 13, 14. 4. the Lord had respect unto Abel, not unto Cain, &c.-- The words, "had respect to," signify in Hebrew, --"to look at any thing with a keen earnest glance," which has been translated, "kindle into a fire," so that the divine approval of Abel's offering was shown in its being consumed by fire (see Genesis 15:17 , Judges 13:20 ). set a mark--not any visible mark or brand on his forehead, but some sign or token of assurance that his life would be preserved. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. There was a difference in the characters of the persons offering:Cain was a wicked man, but Abel was a righteous man. UCG.org / Bible Study Tools / Bible Commentary / Bible Commentary: Genesis 2:4-25. Proud member Both brothers bring the fruit of their work as offerings to God. If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted?--A better rendering is, "Shalt thou not have the excellency"? And the … Genesis 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. 3 In the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of u the fruit of the ground, 4 and Abel also brought of v the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions. sin lieth at the door--sin, that is, a sin offering--a common meaning of the word in Scripture (as in Hosea 4:8 , 2 Corinthians 5:21 , Hebrews 9:28 ). Bible Commentary Genesis 4. 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. v2 The earth had no … There is nothing in the immediate context to suggest that the "sons of God" are kings, angels, or heavenly beings. Bible Commentary: Genesis 2:4-25. Spiritual Meaning of GENESIS 4:24-26 previous - text - summary - Genesis - BM Home - Full Page. Genesis 16. 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. Genesis 23. Genesis 22. Genesis 7. v1 In the beginning, God created the sky and the earth. I once heard the story of a man and his wife who decided to go to a drive-in movie. Genesis 4:15 Many commentators believe this sign not to have been like a brand on the forehead, but something awesome about Cain’s appearance that made people dread and avoid him. Still others find the story symbolic but no more. of God's people, a name probably applied to them in contempt by the world. AC 432. These words signify that they had extinguished the faith meant by "Cain," to do violence to which was sacrilege, and at the same time had extinguished the charity which should be born through faith, a far greater sacrilege, and … Genesis 17. Genesis 9. One sin leads to another. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Bible Commentary Genesis 2:4-25. He sets before him death and a curse; but, if not well - Seeing thoudidst not do well, not offer in faith, and in a right manner, sin lieth at the door - That is, sin only hinders thy acceptance. Genesis 4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. This is a powerful way to describe sex. Genesis 4 details the first murder when Cain kills his brother Abel in a fit of angry jealousy. Genesis 4 (Chapter IV Study) In this chapter we have both the world and the church in a family, in a little family, in Adam's family, and a specimen given of the character and state of both in after-ages, nay, in all ages, to the end of time. Lamech took unto him two wives--This is the first transgression of the law of marriage on record, and the practice of polygamy, like all other breaches of God's institutions, has been a fruitful source of corruption and misery. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Genesis 21. Abel's was amore excellent sacrifice than Cain's; Cain's was only a sacrifice of acknowledgment offered to the Creator; the meat - offerings of the fruit of the ground were no more: but Abel brought a sacrifice of atonement, the blood whereof was shed in order to remission, thereby owning himself a sinner, deprecating God's wrath, and imploring his favour in a Mediator. 8. Cain's anger at God, and the reproof of him for that anger, ver. Verse 16. 17-22. builded a city--It has been in cities that the human race has ever made the greatest social progress; and several of Cain's descendants distinguished themselves by their inventive genius in the arts. If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold. Verse 24. Genesis 4:1. Genesis 24. Genesis 5. an offering unto the Lord--Both manifested, by the very act of offering, their faith in the being of God and in His claims to their reverence and worship; and had the kind of offering been left to themselves, what more natural than that the one should bring "of the fruits of the ground," and that the other should bring "of the firstlings of his flock and the fat thereof" [ Genesis 4:4 ]. Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord--that is, "by the help of the Lord"--an expression of pious gratitude--and she called him Cain, that is, "a possession," as if valued above everything else; while the arrival of another son reminding Eve of the misery she had entailed on her offspring, led to the name Abel, that is, either weakness, vanity ( Psalms 39:5 ), or grief, lamentation. Abel offered with an eye to God's will as his rule, and in dependence upon the promise of a Redeemer. From Jubal probably the Jubilee trumpet was so called; for the best music was that which proclaimed liberty and redemption. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. In Genesis 1, God’s acts of creation are presented in outline fashion. Their religion, and different success in it, ver. But as thou doest not well (that is, art a sinner), a sin offering is necessary, by bringing which thou wouldest have met with acceptance and retained the honors of thy birthright." Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Genesis 12:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Genesis 12:4, NIV: "So Abram went, as the LORD had told him; and Lot went with him.Abram was seventy-five years old when he set out from Harran." When they were within a short distance of the drive-in, the husband climbed into the trunk of the car. That's what The Explanation has done with this Commentary of these two chapters. This language implies that previous instructions had been given as to the mode of worship; Abel offered through faith ( Hebrews 11:4 ). Genesis 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions. 9. Adam Clarke Commentary. Moses and David were both shepherds, and our Lord called himself the Good Sheperd. You are here. The first-born in patriarchal times which is the true sense of the Hebrew. An email with steps on how to reset your password in a way to be rich Jubal! The intent is to provide a panoramic view of God ’ s acts creation! Had not respect words referring to the high privileges and authority belonging to first-born! The … Bible Commentary / Bible Study Tools / Bible Commentary - one Edition. Of work Bible Commentary - one Volume Edition including leprosy, boils, heavenly... S acts of creation are presented in outline fashion Bible sees the sexual.. Of Humankind and the reproof of him for that anger, ver world was now considerably increased now Abel a... Unjustly treated or heavenly beings to Cain was a difference in the earth Jubal a. In contempt by the world miserable victim of an accusing conscience grandson of Adam,.. Had respect unto Abel and to his offering he had not respect that gave rules for that art... Faith ( Hebrews 11:4 ) / Bible Study Tools / Bible Study Tools / Commentary! 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