Fur, Gunlög. New Sweden produces two traditional events- the August crayfish party- Kraftskiva, and the Lucia Fest in December. the peninsula consisting of Norway and Sweden. Founded in 1638, it included parts of present-day Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. His book The Contest for the Delaware Valley: Allegiance, Identity, and Empire in the Seventeenth Century (2013) won the Pennsylvania Historical Association’s Philip S. Klein Book Prize for the best book in Pennsylvania history in 2012-14. This map of New Sweden is attributed to Swedish engineer Peter Lindestrom in 1654, a year before the colony was conquered by the Dutch. As small and short-lived as it proved to be, New Sweden had important effects that persisted long after its conquest by Dutch forces in 1655. America was seen as the standard-bearer of enlightenment and freedom, and became the ideal of liberal Swedes. Many Swedes consider that it is almost essential to make time for fika every day. It also affected the process of European colonization in North America and had a decisive influence on the cultural development of the greater Philadelphia region. The colony seemed to revive when Printz’s replacement, Johan Risingh (1617-72), arrived in 1654. Supplemented by the new arrivals, the colony’s population rose to about four hundred. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. New Sweden was designed to be a miniature copy of New Netherland, the Dutch colony centered on the Hudson River (later English New York). " New Sweden " (a term applied only long after the fact) was an amorphous product of a series of scattered settlements in the parts of Delaware, New Jersey, and … English colony founded in 1620 by a group of Separists. Soderlund, Jean R. Lenape Country: Delaware Valley Society Before William Penn. A constitutional monarchy located on the Scandinavian peninsula, bordering Norway to the west and Finland to the east. Colonial Records of the Swedish Churches in Pennsylvania, 5 vols. New Sweden A Swedish colony in North America on the Delaware River. New Sweden in America. Fika is a concept, a state of mind, an attitude and an important part of Swedish culture. New England Confederacy. All of the statues are the work of Alexander Milne Calder, who completed nearly all of the 250 sculptures adorning City Hall. New Sweden ’88 was an international exchange and celebration between Sweden, Finland and the United States honoring this special anniversary and these hardy colonists. While the colony flourished under him, his controversial policies led to friction with the colonists. Mark L. Thompson is an American historian who teaches at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. noun Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and sometimes Finland, Iceland, and the Faeroe Islands. When WIC officials in Amsterdam learned Fort Casimir had been captured, they dispatched a heavily-armed warship and two hundred men to New Netherland expressly to conquer the Swedish colony. Dictionary.com Unabridged Naum, Magdalena and Jonas M. Nordin, eds. The colony collapsed four days later when the Dutch captured Fort Christina, the main Swedish fort in what is now Wilmington, Delaware. Risingh and 36 settlers, soldiers, and officials departed for Europe shortly after the fall of the colony, but most of New Sweden’s inhabitants stayed behind in the Delaware Valley, now under Dutch rule. New Sweden would have a small but significant agricultural base so that it could sustain itself and produce its own goods (including tobacco) for trade or sale. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021. a colony established by Swedish settlers in 1638 along the Delaware River and captured by the Dutch in 1655: the only Swedish colony in America. Craig, Peter Stebbins and Kim-Eric Williams, eds. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2013. Duke of York. What Is An Em Dash And How Do You Use It? Amandus Johnson Papers and Joseph J. Mickley Collection, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia. During this era they strengthened their close relationship with the Lenapes, whose population had been reduced by disease but still numbered in the thousands. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2013. A mass desertion seems to have followed once they departed. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell International, 1988. He arrived at Fort Christina in Wilmington, Delaware, in February 1643. He fought in the Thirty Years' War, first serving Austria and Denmark before returning to Sweden to serve in its army. When Minuit and his small Swedish and Dutch crew sailed up the Delaware River for the first time in the spring of 1638, they made important agreements with several sachems belonging to the Lenapes and the Susquehannocks (or “Minquas”). New Sweden, only Swedish colony in America, established by the New Sweden Company in March 1638 and captured by the Dutch in 1655. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1912. William Penn famously stands atop the tower, holding the Charter of Pennsylvania and facing in the direction of Penn Treaty Park, where legend says he made a treaty with the Lenape Indians. Some scholars believe the iconic American log cabin may have been introduced to North America by so-called “Forest Finns” who had settled in New Sweden. Cities that wished to participate could become associated with the international exchange by applying to be designated ‘Jubilee Cities.’ That leaves a lot of land just for nature to have its way. New Sweden was the first permanent European settlement in the Delaware Valley. New Sweden - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Founded in 1638, the colony of New Sweden survived less than twenty years and at its peak numbered only about four hundred people, most of whom lived along the western bank of the Delaware River between what became Philadelphia and New Castle, Delaware. With the support of Swedish statesman Axel Oxenstierna, Admiral Klas Fleming (a Finn), and Peter Minuit (a Dutchman), the New Sweden Company was organized in Sweden in 1633. Thompson, Mark L. The Contest for the Delaware Valley: Allegiance, Identity, and Empire in the Seventeenth Century. Sweden definition: 1. a country in northern Europe 2. a country in northern Europe. Swedes did not play a major role in exploring or colonizing the New World, but they did establish the first permanent settlement in Pennsylvania. Sweden Tries Out a New Status: Pariah State Fearing the country’s lax approach to combating the coronavirus, Sweden’s Scandinavian neighbors have all … New Sweden was designed to be a miniature copy of New Netherland, the Dutch colony centered on the Hudson River (later English New York). The formation of the Company was the brainchild of Dutch, German, and Swedish investors who convinced Axel Oxenstierna, Chancellor of the Realm and Queen Christina’s regent,(1) that Sweden stood to profit in the tobacco and fur trades of North America. In our third teacher-created PSAT practice test there are new and unique vocabulary terms you may have never heard of! They remained the majority of the European population along the river for the next quarter century. Colony established on the Delaware river in 1638. Johan Printz was the longest-serving governor of New Sweden. Other Europeans also came to rely on the Swedes and Finns for their knowledge of the land. It was in the modern day states of Delaware, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.Its capital was Fort Christina, modern-day Wilmington.. New Sweden was captured by the Dutch in 1655, and incorporated into New Netherland.. References Join the discussion at a Greater Philadelphia Roundtable or add your nomination online. New Sweden rose to its greatest heights during the governorship of Johan Printz (1643-1653). New Sweden Centre, 1124 East Seventh Street, Wilmington, Del. In 1697, the Church of Sweden sent a missionary group led by Eric Björk to supervise the construction of the current church building, which was dedicated in 1699. In 1633, the New South Company was formed by Dutch and Swedish investors to establish a commercial settlement in America. New Sweden’s officers also promised the numerous freemen in the colony that they would finally be able to gain title to the company lands that they worked. Printz's rule, however, was protested by settlers who brought their complaints to the Swedish government. Swedish definition is - the North Germanic language spoken in Sweden and a part of Finland. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1995. Evidence of the colony of New Sweden can still be seen in the Delaware Valley. Leiden: Brill, 2006. Before becoming involved in the New Sweden venture, Minuit had served six years as the director of New Netherland, a colony established by the Dutch West India Company (WIC) in 1624. Hoffecker, Carol E. et al., eds. Between 1638-1655, twelve additional Swedish expeditions sailed to New Sweden. The Holy Trinity (Old Swedes') Church in Wilmington, Delaware, was completed years after the colony of New Sweden collapsed, but the graveyard and congregation existed earlier. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? His soldiers captured Fort Casimir (renaming it Fort Trefaldighet), and he and his officers confirmed the colony’s alliances with its Lenape and Susquehannock partners. Swede is a British term for somebody's head. The total number of ICU beds in Swedish hospitals was 526. The Susquehannocks lived farther west in the Susquehanna Valley, where they were just as populous. With the permission of the Lenape and Susquehannock sachems, Minuit’s men erected a small fort (Fort Christina) at the mouth of the “Minquas Kill” (Christina River in modern-day Wilmington, Delaware). From the start, New Sweden depended for its success upon its relationships with neighboring native peoples. Printz left his gubernatorial role in 1653, leaving his son-in-law to rule the colony. American Swedish Historical Museum, 1900 Pattison Avenue, Philadelphia. Both numbers were lower than most countries' in the EU. By the time a ship bearing new colonists and a new governor finally arrived in 1654, New Sweden’s population had dwindled to about 130 people. Swedish settlers traded with the Lenape and Susquehannock people of the Delaware Valley. The historian H. Arnold Barton has suggested that the greatest significance of New Sweden was... Finnish influence. The fourth biggest country in Europe by land area is the 16th by population. Sweden is one of the most beautiful countries in the world, known for its many beautiful lakes, mountains and valleys. Recent Examples on the Web In a light-heavyweight bout, the Welsh titleholder Nathan Cleverly will meet the Swede Badou Jack. Granted by Charles II the area of New Amsterdam in 1664, thereupon renamed New York. They were the region’s main fur suppliers and had staged destructive attacks on Lenape communities just a few years before. If you love mashed potatoes, make some mashed Swedes instead – and you might fall in love with it, too. City Hall also bears a plaque in recognition of the settlers of New Sweden, located on the south wall dating to 1909, eight years after the building was completed. Can you guess what they mean? New Sweden. Among the points of interest marked is Fort Trefaldighet. The Dutch took the colony in 1655. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2021 Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia, Tall ships ply waters off Philadelphia for weekend Seaport Festival (WHYY, October 5, 2012), Swedish King and Queen to visit Delaware in May (WHYY, January 16, 2013), Wilmington mayor hosts Swedish dignitaries as Delaware prepares for royal visit [video] (WHYY, May 9, 2013), Swedish royalty celebrate 375 years of history in Delaware (WHYY, May 11, 2013), Old Swedes Church joins First State National Park [video] (WHYY, May 11, 2015), The Search for Fort Casimir (Blogging Delaware History), Governor Prinz Park Historical Marker (ExplorePAHistory.org), Tinicum Historical Marker (ExplorePAHistory), New Sweden Historical Marker (ExplorePAHistory.org), Charter of the Dutch West India Company: 1621 (Avalon Project at Yale School of Law), Philadelphia, the Place that Loves You Back, Gloria Dei (Old Swedes’) Church National Historic Site, Fort Christina Park and Kalmar Nyckel Monument, Holy Trinity (Old Swedes’) Church and Hendrickson House Museum, New Sweden Colonial Farmstead Museum and Living History Center. Fort Casimir / Trefaldighet, Chestnut Street between Second Street and the Delaware River, New Castle, Del. This sudden growth caused its own problems, especially in securing enough food for the newcomers. On September 11, 1655, the Dutch retook Trefaldighet. After putting down a mutiny in 1653, Printz left for Sweden, joined by a group of settlers. The longest-serving governor of New Sweden was Johan Printz. Sweden has over 90,000 lakes and over 3,000 kilometers of sea coastline. A person from the country of SWEDEN. Printz returned to Sweden where he served as a provincial governor until his death in 1663. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? The Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church in Southwark, South Philadelphia, traces its history to 1646, when Swedish missionary Johannes Campanius founded a church on Tinicum Island. Both sets of peoples welcomed the Swedish colony as a new source of trade goods and a new source of power in their own relations with other Indians in northeastern North America. The Lenapes, who numbered several thousand people at the time, occupied a string of independent communities along the river and were considered by all to be the owners of the lands adjoining it. Swede definition: A swede is a round yellow root vegetable with a brown or purple skin. Swedes colony from 1638-1655 planted on Delaware River trespassing the Dutch preserves. It was the first lasting European settlement in the Delaware Valley and transformed relationships between native peoples and Europeans. The Swedish Settlements on the Delaware, 2 vols. Within a year, Stuyvesant led a fleet to the Delaware River and forced New Sweden’s officers to surrender. New Sweden. Founded in 1638, it included parts of present-day Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. Fort Christina Park and Kalmar Nyckel Monument, Wilmington, Del. However, it was only after Pieter Stuyvesant (1612-72) became director-general of New Netherland in 1647 that WIC officials began to press their claims more strongly. Kalmar Nyckel Foundation, 1124 E. Seventh Street, Wilmington, Del. Exports include timber, pulp, paper, iron ore, and steel. Lindmark, Daniel. Imperial control changed, but the culture of the conquered people By the time he left, the colony had abandoned many of the peripheral forts and could no longer protect itself. The main purpose of New Sweden’s forts was to deter trade and settlement by its European rivals, especially the WIC, which asserted that New Netherland’s limits extended from the Delaware Bay to New England. Recruiting free settlers proved to be very difficult for the Swedish government, and many of the colony’s inhabitants were sent there as a form of punishment. It was conquered by soldiers from the colony of New Netherland, led by Pieter Stuyvesant, two years later. Before the outbreak of the new coronavirus, Sweden had a relatively low number of hospital beds per capita, with 2.2 beds per 1000 people (2017), and intensive care unit (ICU) beds per capita of 5.8 per 100.000 people (2012). Over the next decade, especially under its longest-serving governor, Johan Printz (1592-1663), the colony extended its reach by establishing small fortified trading posts and farming settlements on both sides of the lower Delaware Valley. Umeå: Kulturgräns Norr, Umeå University, 2005. Philadelphia: Swedish Colonial Society, 2006-9. Sweden meaning: 1. a country in northern Europe 2. a country in northern Europe. noun a colony established by Swedish settlers in 1638 along the Delaware River and captured by the Dutch in 1655: the only Swedish colony in America. the state of being isolated, kept apart, or withdrawn into solitude. The colony continued to grow over the next 17 years until it was seized under the force of arms by the Dutch in 1655, who in turn, later lost New Netherlands to the English. The town made national news headlines in 2003 when a man poisoned the coffee urn at the local Lutheran church, sickening 15 parishioners and killing one. Although occasional groups of English colonizers also attempted to trade and plant along the river, arguing that the territory belonged to the English Crown, none was able to secure a permanent foothold. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). New Sweden (Swedish: Nya Sverige, Finnish: Uusi-Ruotsi) was a Swedish colony in North America that existed from 1638 through 1655. New Sweden Cultural Heritage Society was chartered in 1989 for the purpose of sharing, promoting, strengthening and maintaining our Swedish culture and heritage. Philadelphia: Swedish Colonial Society, 1911. Johnson, Amandus. Fika is often translated as "a coffee break", which is kind of correct, but really it is much more than that. Swede definition is - a native or inhabitant of Sweden. The colony flourished under Printz, trading with the local Lenape people, the Dutch colony of New Netherland, and early English settlers. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015. About 50 per cent of the total area is forest and 9 per cent lakes. The colony’s merchants would also purchase tobacco and other commodities from neighboring colonies for resale in Europe. After the English takeover of New Netherland in 1664 Swedes and Finns often served as mediators between English officials and the Lenapes. City Hall in Philadelphia pays homage to three of the cultures that inhabited the land during the early colonial era. But the influence of Swedish and Finnish settlers in the Delaware Valley lasted much longer. Eager to demonstrate its status as a great power in Europe, the Swedish government granted its approval and by early 1637 plans for the first voyage began to take shape. (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). noun a kingdom in NW Europe, occupying the E part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, on the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic: first united during the Viking period (8th–11th centuries); a member of the European Union. Myers, Albert Cook, ed. Four smaller statues are positioned below him, with the two on the south corners representing the Swedish settlers (shown left and center above the clock faces in this image) and the two on the north representing the Lenape. The Dutch took the colony in … In 1642, he was sent to New Sweden and appointed to be the new governor of the colony. All Free. Supported from afar by the Church of Sweden, their local Lutheran churches ensured that their linguistic and religious attachments survived well into the eighteenth century. The Rise and Fall of New Sweden: Governor Johan Risingh’s Journal 1654-1655 in Its Historical Context. New Sweden A Swedish colony in North America on the Delaware River. A church at the Southwark location opened in 1677, and the current building was consecrated in 1700. Constructed during the last years of the seventeenth century, its religious services continued more than three hundred years later. Even after English colonists began arriving by the thousands in the 1670s and 1680s, Swedes and Finns retained a distinctive place in the diverse Delaware Valley. English Calvanist who wer disccouraged with the slow pace reform in the Church of England. the matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid. New Sweden. Indeed, Printz had been powerless to prevent Stuyvesant from establishing a new fort (Fort Casimir, in contemporary New Castle, Delaware) just downriver from Fort Christina. NEW SWEDEN. New Sweden was a small Swedish colony established in 1638 at Fort Christina (present-day Wilmington, Delaware).The Swedes gradually extended the settlement from the mouth of Delaware Bay (south of Wilmington) northward along the Delaware River as far as present-day Trenton, New Jersey.The settlers were mostly fur traders; the Swedes often acted as middlemen between Native … Printz was born in Sweden in 1592 and went to Germany in 1618 to study theology. The historian H. Arnold Barton has suggested that the greatest significance of New Sweden was the strong and long-lasting interest in North America that the colony generated in Sweden. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Trinity Episcopal (Old Swedes’) Church and Mortenson-Van Leer Log Cabin, 1208 Kings Highway, Swedesboro, N.J. New Sweden Colonial Farmstead Museum and Living History Center, 31 West Commerce Street, Bridgeton, N.J. Seven ships arrived from Sweden during that decade, bringing soldiers, company servants, a few dozen free settlers, and a handful of Lutheran priests. The flow of settlers stopped abruptly in 1648 and did not restart until six years later. by Elizabeth Covart The history of New Sweden began in 1637 with the founding of the New Sweden Company. Most of the servants and freemen were single men but a few families came over, as well. The area that became Philadelphia lies in the top center of this map. Discover The Origins Of These Cooking Tool Names, The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. Peter Stuyvesant. Like New Netherland, it would be a company-owned colony whose main goal was to make a profit by exchanging European-manufactured goods such as cloth, beads, tools, and weapons for furs and skins provided by Indian suppliers. Evidence of Swedish settlement can still be found in Philadelphia. Soon afterward Blommaert began pushing Minuit’s idea for a colony called Nova Sweediae. The colony of New Sweden extended along the western bank of the Delaware River between what became Philadelphia and New Castle, Delaware. After the colony fell to the Dutch and later English settlers, the Swedish continued to be important mediators between other European settlers and native groups. During the 1640s New Sweden’s population grew to about two hundred people. Indeed, in the years after conquest, their community seemed to gain greater coherence as new arrivals and old settlers worked out a new form of collective identity under Dutch and then English rule. New Sweden, Swedish colony (1638–55), on the Delaware River; included parts of what are now Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. (Library Company of Philadelphia). Scandinavian Colonialism and the Rise of Modernity: Small Time Agents in a Global Arena. Led small Dutch military expedition in 1655 to get rid of New Sweden. Colonialism in the Margins: Cultural Encounters in New Sweden and Lapland. As a colonial territory under the authority of the Swedish Crown, New Sweden had only a brief existence. The idea of planting a Swedish colony in the Delaware Valley came from Peter Minuit (c. 1585-1638), a native of the German city of Wesel on the Lower Rhine. Learn more. Narratives of Early Pennsylvania, West New Jersey, and Delaware 1630-1707. Your email is never shared. The Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington, Delaware, was completed in 1699. Recipe 1 – Mashed Swede. These promises were not fulfilled. Also called Scandinavian Peninsula. Nearly all were Swedish or Finnish, although in the early years the colony included a small number of English and Dutch settlers, too. Yet political takeovers did not result in cultural makeovers. Significance and legacy. Originally established by the Dutch as Fort Casimir, this fortification in modern New Castle, Delaware, was taken over by the Swedish led by Johan Risingh in 1654. He extended settlement northward from Fort Christina along both sides of the Delaware River and improved the colony's military and commercial prospects by building Fort Elfsborg, near present-day Salem on the New Jersey side of the river, to seal the Delaware against English and Dutch ships. New Sweden History. Puritans. We accomplish this through a variety of events and activities. After being recalled for squabbling with New Netherland’s Reformed minister, Minuit sought out the patronage of Samuel Blommaert (1583-1654), a high official in the WIC who had entered the service of the Swedish government. New-sweden definitions A Swedish colony in North America on the Delaware River. Swede is actually a versatile ingredient – and it will give a new taste to your recipes. Dahlgren, Stellan and Hans Norman. The first church service was held on the grounds in 1640. Learn more. In 1637, several Swedish, Dutch, and German entrepreneurs banded together to form the New Sweden Company with the goal of settling in America, participating in the fur trade, and growing tobacco. Holy Trinity (Old Swedes’) Church and Hendrickson House Museum, 606 Church Street, Wilmington, Del. They renamed the fort Trefaldighet, the Swedish word for Trinity, after Trinity Sunday, the day the fort was captured. Ecclesia Plantanda: Swedishness in Colonial America. Plymouth. Founded in 1638, it included parts of present-day Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. During the early years of his governorship, Printz had overseen the construction of several new forts, the expansion of agricultural settlement, and successful participation in the fur trade. To inspire you to use it, I will give you 5 easy recipes that make use of Swede. 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