This makes her the 12th woman to serve as president in the Asian continent. The first popularly elected president was Ong Teng Cheong, a former cabinet minister. He was 93. He introduced the National Service (NS) scheme, with the help of his defence minister Goh Keng Swee. : RART 725.17095957 IST; Singapore rejoices. Nathan was returned unopposed on Nomination Day in 1999 and 2005. In July 1959, he was appointed Chairman of the Public Service Commission, Singapore. Upon his assumption of office, the president is required to take and subscribe in the presence of the chief justice or of another justice of the Supreme Court the Oath of Office, which states:[91]. [8], During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, Utusan Melayu had to stop circulation as machinery used to print the paper were requisitioned to publish the Japanese paper, Berita Malai. The words of enactment in Singapore statutes are: "Be it enacted by the president with the advice and consent of the Parliament of Singapore, as follows:". Wee Kim Wee promoted sports and volunteerism; and Ong Teng Cheong culture and the arts, particularly music. 21(2)(h), 22I; MRHA, s. 12. 22L(1)(a) to (c). The sum was used to fund the Government's Resilience Package consisting of two schemes aimed at preserving jobs and businesses during the financial downturn.[41]. Singapore's longest-serving president was S.R. Under the revision, the president is empowered to veto the use of the country's past reserves and key civil service appointments. The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state. 32B(1) and (4). [16] She and her now adult children were interviewed for the Channel NewsAsia documentary Daughters of Singapore, which screened in August 2015 as part of the SG50 celebrations and commemorated the spouses of Yusof Ishak and David Marshall, two pioneer leaders of Singapore. Presidents have also used the office to champion charitable causes. President's Portrait & Insignia. [26] Ambassadors and high commissioners accredited to Singapore present their credentials to the president, and the president is called upon by visiting foreign leaders. [69], In addition, candidates must obtain political donation certificates from the registrar of political donations stating that they have complied with the Political Donations Act,[70] and file their nomination papers with the returning officer on nomination day. The country’s first four presidents, who held office between 1965 and 1993, were appointed by parliament. [60] The office falls vacant upon the expiry of the incumbent's term or if the president is for some reason unable to complete their term; for example, due to death, resignation, or removal from office for misconduct or mental or physical infirmity. His portrait appears on the Singapore Portrait Series currency notes introduced in 1999. Parliamentary Elections Act, 2007 Rev. He was re-elected on 17 August 2005; both his election came on walkovers without any opposing contestants. The sixth president was S. R. Nathan. 19(2)(d) read with Art. [61] If the office of president becomes vacant before the incumbent's term expires, a poll for an election must be held within six months. [14], The president is the head of state of Singapore. It replaced the office of Yang di-Pertuan Negara, which had been created when Singapore attained self-government in 1959. In the case when the president is unable to perform their duties, their powers are temporarily transferred to the chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisers (CPA). [65] Potential candidates must obtain certificates of eligibility from the Presidential Elections Committee (PEC), the function of which is to ensure that such persons have the necessary qualifications to be nominated as a candidate for the election. A person shall not be disqualified under this clause by reason only of anything done by him before he became a citizen of Singapore: Constitution, Art. After he stepped down, Tony Tan won the 27 August 2011 presidential election by a narrow 0.34% margin. 45(2). The person elected to the office of president assumes office on the day his predecessor ceases to hold office or, if the office is vacant, on the day following his election. PEA, s. 62A(2), inserted by the Presidential Elections (Amendment) Act 2010 (No. "Parliament approves increase in President's salary, expenditure", Text of the Constitution at Singapore Statutes Online, Constitution of the Republic of Singapore Tribunal, Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Act, Liquor Control (Supply and Consumption) Act 2015, British Military Administration (1945–1946),, Lists of political office-holders in Singapore, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chairman of the Council of Presidential Advisors. Constitution, Art. Yusof actively promoted multiculturalism and reached out to people of all races to help restore trust and confidence after the 1964 racial riots. The Presidential Standard is flown at the Istana in the day, when the President is in the country. BANGKOK — Singapore will get a new president on Wednesday, but she will not be elected. He served as president from 1 September 1993 to 31 August 1999. Both Republicans & Democrats vote to impeach Trump again, first US president to be impeached twice. Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Haji Yusof bin Ishak DUT (First Class), SMN, KStJ (Jawi: يوسف بن إسحاق; /ˈjʊsɒf bɪn ˈɪshɑːk/ YUUSS-off bin ISS-hahk; 12 August 1910 – 23 November 1970) was a Singaporean politician who was the first President of Singapore, serving from 1965 to 1970. He left the company in 1938 and co-founded Utusan Melayu.[1]. When Singapore became an independent nation on 9 August 1965, the seat of Head of State was renamed Office of the President and Yusof bin Ishak, Singapore’s first Malayan-born Yang di-Pertuan Negara appointed since 1959, became the first president of the Republic of Singapore. Constitution, Arts. [83], Polling day is a public holiday,[84] and voting is compulsory. Information technology jobs available with eFinancialCareers. [57][58] Other amendments were made to expand the list of key government companies eligible for the candidacy,[52] and, for candidates using their private sector experience, the use of $500 million of shareholder equity instead of $100 million in paid-up capital. After his death he was replaced by Benjamin Sheares, who served until his death in 1981, when he was succeeded by Chengara Veetil Devan Nair. In January 1991, the Constitution[4] was amended to provide for the popular election of the president, a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history. S.R. The eighth and current president, Halimah Yacob, took office on 14 September 2017, becoming the first president elected as she was the sole eligible candidate under the new reform terms which took effect earlier that year. Constitution, Art. [21] As the president exercises this constitutional function in accordance with Cabinet's advice and not in their personal discretion except in certain circumstances,[22] in general he or she may not refuse to assent to bills that Parliament has validly passed. The Legislature can pass a law requiring the President to act after consultation with, or on the recommendation of, any person or body of persons other than the Cabinet in the exercise of his or her functions other than those exercisable in his personal discretion or in respect of the Constitution has made other provision: Art. Halimah is the first Malay president of Singapore for almost five decades. The election was won by Tony Tan Keng Yam with 745,693 (35.19%) of valid votes. The disqualification of a person under clauses (d) and (e) may be removed by the President and shall, if not so removed, cease at the end of five years beginning from the date on which the return mentioned in clause (d) was required to be lodged or, as the case may be, the date on which the person convicted as mentioned in clause (e) was released from custody or the date on which the fine mentioned in clause (1) (e) was imposed on such person: Constitution, Art. President Halimah Yacob's speech at the Inauguration of the 8th President of Singapore on 14 September 2017. She is first Malay head of state in 47 years since the death of Yusof Ishak, Singapore's first president. [68] For the 2017 presidential election, the members of the PEC are Eddie Teo (chairman), Lim Soo Hoon, Chan Heng Chee, Po'ad Shaik Abu Bakar Mattar, Tay Yong Kwang, and Peter Seah. During the post-war period, many Malays wanted independence of Malaya from the British and Yusof, fanned this fervour through his publications which resulted in the formation of the United Malay Nationalist Organisation (UMNO) in 1946. After the Constitution was amended in 1991, the term of President Wee was fixed to end on 1 September 1993. [26], The powers of the president of Singapore are divided into those which the president may exercise in their own discretion, and those their must exercise in accordance with the advice of the Cabinet of Singapore or of a minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet. The office of president was created in 1965 after Singapore became a republic upon its secession from the Federation of Malaysia that year. [96][97] The allowance for the Istana's household expenses (Class III) is $2,762,308, an increase from $694,000. The Presidential Crest is used on state crockery, gifts and stationery related to the President. 19(7). The president must not be subject to any of the following disqualifications: The president must be a person of integrity, good character and reputation. 45(2). The president can also examine the administration's enforcement of the Internal Security Act[5] and Maintenance of Religious Harmony Act,[6] and authorise corruption investigations (see below). He is the longest-serving prime minister of Singapore. Halimah Yacob is the incumbent Singaporean president since 2017 after being elected unopposed at the presidential election in the same year. The portraits of President Halimah and her spouse, Mr Mohamed Abdullah Alhabshee, are displayed in public buildings. In previous years, this sum was used to cover various expenses such as the cost of replacing state cars and installing a new document repository. [86] After the poll closes, the presiding officer of each polling station seals the ballot boxes without opening them. The position of Yang di-Pertuan Negara was abolished and Yusof then became the first President of Singapore. [18] One of Yusof's hobbies was photography, and a collection of his photographs was donated to the National Archives of Singapore by his widow, Noor Aishah. Civil List and Pension Act: Resolution Passed at Parliament Meeting 2012 (, Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports, "Law allows Parliament to count Wee Kim Wee's term in triggering reserved presidential election: High Court", "Elected Presidency: Amendments to Constitution passed in Parliament", "Constitution of the Republic of Singapore (Amendment) Act 2016", Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, "Tan Cheng Bock's legal challenge on the reserved presidential election explained", "TAN CHENG BOCK v ATTORNEY GENERAL [2017] SGHC 160 DECISION DATE: 07 Jul 2017 HC/OS 495/2017", "Tan Cheng Bock's constitutional challenge dismissed by High Court", "Perpetual presidential hopeful Tan Cheng Bock bows out gracefully", "Singaporeans miffed by 'reserved' presidential election - Nikkei Asian Review", "Halimah Yacob set to be Singapore's first female president: A timeline of her career", "A Budget first: Govt to draw $4.9b from past reserves", "Turning of the second key went smoothly", "How Singapore elected a president without a vote", "PM Lee spells out why he pushed for reserved election". As a result of constitutional amendments passed in 1991, the presidency became a popularly elected office with certain custodial powers, particularly over government expenditure and key appointments to public offices. [88] A candidate or his or her counting agent may ask the returning officer for a recount of votes if the difference between the number of votes for the candidate with the most votes and any other candidate's number of votes is 2% or less. [72] If there is only one candidate nominated, he or she is declared to have been elected president. [5] His brother, Aziz Ishak, was a Malayan journalist and freedom fighter. He fulfilled his vision by establishing Utusan Melayu with several Malay leaders in Singapore in May 1939. The first prime minister of Singapore. Female President of Singapore is a hijabi Muslim lady named Halimah Yacob, Singapore is set to welcome its first female president. [63], The procedure for elections is laid out in the Presidential Elections Act. 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