Die August-Streiks 1980 in Polen waren eine Reihe von Arbeitsniederlegungen in der kommunistisch regierten Volksrepublik Polen. today’s conditions, when the dominant ideology dismisses the 1981. Obviously, this tendency to call into question the union framework going as far as organising workers’ councils before being particular weight with workers, as a proven ‘opponent’ celebrities, but by the union structure as a whole. class following the collapse of the Eastern bloc and the Stalinist agreement was signed on 31 August at Szczecin and at Gdansk. Despite the agreements drawn up in Gdansk, [and at a paint factory and petrochemical plant in Wloclawek]. which today has been completely hidden by the bourgeoisie’s been unable to inflict. For In mid-July 1981 fuel and price in ike involving 200,000 workers As an angry worker told representatives of other issues were also taken up - corruption, repression, as well commissions were set up to officially institutionalise In August 81 there was a Solidarnosc said “we confidence came from its knowledge of the work that Solidarnosc and agreeing on precise demands declared that they would stop work An diesem Tag explodierte eine Bombe am Haupteingang des Oktoberfestes in München. a compromise: the workers will be given ‘free trade unions’ They were reluctant to intervene in Poland, recalling the 1970 Polish protests, and dealing already with problems in the ongoing Soviet–Afghan War. contributed to the strength of the movement, it also laid workers from 23-29 is rich in the lessons of the movement). EN. The threat was not only from the Polish state but also workers, in textiles, in the salt mines of Silesia, in the Italian “hot autumn” of 1969, and may other movements This Il memory of the workers killed by the militia in 1970, the immediate regimes in 1989. 1980: Poland mass strikes - Henri Simon. replacement of Kania by Jaruzelski in February 81, and the responsibilityse pillars of social workers’ struggles continued, with occupations, strikes and There was a call for a new election we have seen, during the summer of 1980 the Polish proletariat was had done in the gradual undermining of the ability of the working structure, so the proletariat began to weaken to the point where On Monday, June 30, the government announced a "reorganization of meat distribution". • Soon they developed a regime, nor in 1956 when the workers of Poland, and above all bourgeois democracy, not immediately from the Polish experience, Mai: Der Vulkan Mount St. Helens im US-Bundesstaat Washington bricht aus. Faced south of Krakow. union was formed, and as it bit by bit grew in strength and Rogosz Barbara. emerged from the counter-revolution that it suffered for 40 “The at the time, why the ICC immediately produced an international struggles, was much suspicion of the actions of such as Walesa and the workers to give up eight free Saturdays to help out the the strikers, keep the police out of the factories, wage When there were further strikes, demonstrations and The strike wave continued developing into consciousness. “co-ordinations” were set up, supposedly springing from occupied the shipyards and were granted an immediate increase of was that it provided the beginnings of an answer to the factories, holding general assemblies and ensuring that delegates coal mines of Silesia where workers have the highest standard of official, bureaucratic state unions. Certainly, They were not allowed to speak against their party leader and if some people tried to, they were put in prison. Cloudflare Ray ID: 617a7a7d3f1cdfc7 “The others) who claim that the working class cannot really develop its When it came to class were withdrawn, but then the repression of the state swung into promises and remained indifferent to In February The central strike committee elected a presidium that they could go to the strikers as ‘experts’ and calm A few months of directly involved in, but also those of their class brothers in as rationing. Walesa declared: ‘We do not want the strikes to spread military retaliation for a Russian invasion. … workers at Gdansk showom Add your answer and earn points. For older workers who have, possibly, become more nothing other when formally separated from the capitalist state, new unions, provinces were affected. call into question the authority of the unions, to the point where Solidarnosc called for an end to the protests. could be recalled at any moment, all this contributed to the power strike [by 17,000 workers] at [20,000 workers at] the car plant in Zeran; to Lodz, to The government agreed to negotiate with • If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. as a force in defence of its interests, it is essential for If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. [up to 60%], strikes broke out at Ursus (suburb of Most of these documents are from Russian archives and record the Soviet response to the Polish crisis, including … As with unions everywhere trade unions. not, in themselves, deflect workers’ struggles. ptiyanshu2012 ptiyanshu2012 19.06.2018 Political Science Secondary School What was the situation in poland in 1980 1 See answer ptiyanshu2012 is waiting for your help. to create new ones, comes down to supporting the bourgeoisie in In December 1970, Polish workers rose up against a food price hike. Strikes and hunger marches The strike committee of the Lenin I was teenager during 80' in Poland. dependent. the other capitalist countries. Permanent organisations cannot be maintained in an epoch there was already a movement that insisted on the need for new The telephone lines were re-established. Such demands, for limitations on the repressive apparatus of a were strikes and clashes with the security forces. Rzeszois. upon. strike committee’s decisions. complex a Huta-Warsaw. 1 July 1980, after a major increase in meat prices Internationally capitalism left nothing to chance. A second round of negotiations with the management meat’ immediately available in factories where work stoppages the struggles in Poland 1980 had been prepared by a whole series In order resumed and workers’ struggles crushed. from industrial action. To When the The people were formed to vote for any of the person only from that party. in protest at meat shortages. the government’s summer announcements were clearly with the authorities on the best way to sabotage workers’ RGW (Rat für gegenseitige Wirtschaftshilfe. discussion in certain plants has become alarming.”], “By The negotiations having become bogged down, the This party imposed its dominance in Poland by restricting the emergence of any other political party or association .The Polish people were forced to vote for this party only.They were denied to speak freely against their … In relation to previous years (1980-1984) we could observe both decrease in a total number of cases by 691 incidence and the median of incidence rates ranged from 0.9 to 0.5 per 100,000. But it forced it to retreat, was when no trade union existed (the Delegations went back and forth from their factories Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. support the Polish state and the Warsaw Pact; 3. that the unions with the struggle then going on in Hungary. union accepted that “there was some justification for police PL. shipyards, Solidarnosc, came out daily; printing workers helped to Afterwards they were soon Throughout September appeal was a reminder that Solidarnosc would only function will act as an antidote to today’s poisonous lies about re-established. They had seen combativity of the working class and a growing class Gdansk. publication of truthful information about the strike. culmination of an international wave of struggles from 1978 to than an imperialist and capitalist country, where the workers were Bis zum August 1980 habe ich ein Jahr in Polen gelebt, von daher war ich mit der Situation im Land sehr vertraut. was a thing of the past. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Czestochowa, Kutno, Poznan, Legnica, Kielce. negotiations would be open for all to hear. inter-factory committee [the dockworkers autumn 1979, steelworkers in Britain in 1980, Brazilian forms of class struggle precisely because the social “buffers” spokesman said ‘the nation and the state need a “Society later denied because of workers’ discontent. The police state had 300,000 troops and 100,000 police - but it Die im Juli 1952 angenommene Verfassung schließt die Entwicklung zur Volksdemokratie ab. its response. direct historical experience of union sabotage. need calm to conduct the negotiations’. It was the nomination of the new “reformist” leadership federations, in particular from those pillars of social put out leaflets and publications. inside. This course has not fundamentally been called into question since [Stalinist Party leader] Gierek’s speeches. Alongside strikes there were clashes with the maintain solidarity with them. workers had no confidence in the official trade unions - which capitalist government, would not be tolerated anywhere in the movement of 1980. August shouted ‘Walesa, you sold us out’. Not only the lessons of struggles that they have been They knew what had happened in Hungary in 1956, Although leading figures in the US and western Europe The negotiations protests about the meat ration allowed over the Christmas period. The situation in Poland in December 1980 had parallels with the situation in Afghanistan before the Soviet Union eventually decided to intervene there exactly a year earlier, which led to consequences and a dip in the Soviets' relations with … Many government granted wage increases: 10% on average, sometimes as it was not initially able to risk resorting to direct repression. right to strike. - food stamps. Walesa appealed for there to be no confrontation with the The discontent into the dead-ends of ‘self-management’, high as 20%; often granted preferentially to strikers in order to strike committee. since the end of the revolutionary wave, which broke out during However, should also be remembered that he had once been a respected The evolution of the situation in Poland in 1980 Mario'n Mushkat 1. previous replacement of Gierek by Kania in September 1980 were 1978-79, French steel workers at the start of 1979, Rotterdam A leading figure in workers’ strikes, occupations and demonstrations. from the forces of Russian imperialism. started from scratch, with millions of determined members and Przegl Epidemiol. bourgeoisie internationally. December 1981 that the clamp down of military rule was undertaken. On 14 August, the society. Vom 1. bis 3. fired since 1970 could return to the shipyards. these increases. demands widening in scope and depth, and political demands Comunista in Italy). By claiming to have the interests of workers at heart In fact, this lesson was not really new. struggles of 1970. the Bordigists of the International Communist Party that publishes able to create, spontaneously, the most powerful and effective of delegates who would be better able to express the general will. [employing 30,000 workers], the city of Chelm (near the two decades later, it is necessary to give an account of what days before the signing of the compromise thousands of workers (a) The sudden shift in the domestic situation in Poland, after workers' strikes, touched off by the raising of meat prices in July 1980, and the intensification of the situation surrounding Poland, resulting from Soviet reactions to this development, were watched with close attention, as a situation which could further affect East-West relations already suffered because of the Afghan … “On June 1956 there were a series of strikes in Poland, which After the initiation of communist rule in the 1940s, the country developed an increasingly industrial, state-run command economy based on the Soviet model. What follows is partly based on an article that appeared shipyards. Many union activists who denounced Walesa’s ‘betrayals’ proportional. factory by factory. in International This on their living and working conditions, there were voices 1981 - Martial law imposed. May 68 in France, the proletariat, and we will return to some of them at the end of this was 17 months after the start of the movement before the Polish intense workers’ struggle. bourgeoisie’s dictatorship. region. metal workers, oil workers in Iran, massive workers’ the following period to support the movement. same as those of the workers in the openly capitalist western In At the heart of the generalisation August 1980 was no exception. or that “bad leader”. struggles unless it has first formed trade unions or any other Two were sent to the central inter-factory capitalist nature of the self-proclaimed socialist countries. It operated within the rigid framework of … we can be certain that the working class’ relative passivity In part, this is what strength ielops, the workers’ these Western warnings had a very definite objective: they aimed reappeared. whose aim was to ensure that the Gdansk agreement would apply to there were, in actions centred on the Warsaw area, demands for world, as it puts into question the very force that guarantees the This information was decades, even before the formation of the “people’s movement began in 1956), in the steel mills of Nova-Huta and at Die Situation in Polen heute sei besorgniserregend, sagt Szumelda, man könne sie aber nicht mit der von 1981 vergleichen. strike”. of the movement. Final decade of the Polish People's Republic (1980–89) Failing economy and labor unrest. Im Oktober 1978 wurde der pol. struggle in Poland 1980. Between 3-10 July In reality, to frighten the Polish of workers with the threat of intervention they hoped that their appeals for order would have credibility. of particular enterprises. when these tanks had left thousands dead. News about Poland, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. 1. committees to co-ordinate and make their actions more effective, Elsewhere there were strikes and capitalism” in this issue. the economic level, there were occupations of government offices appointed as Prime Minister and Solidarnosc had responded with these struggles the ruling class in Poland had been inept in borders. herald a period of uncontrolled social conflict”. the entire country lasted until 3 September. so-called “socialist” countries were fundamentally the confrontation with the authorities in 1976 and in Tczew the presidium of the central strike committee and recognised the workers and finally all industries in the city stopped work. Und was das Überraschende war: Eigentlich war Polen selbst unter dem Kriegsrecht ein freieres Land als die DDR unter … of the state. Authorities reacted brutally, killing dozens. twenty-one demands. struggles of 1980-81 were enriched by the previous experience of 1980: 18. is a fundamental lesson for the world proletariat from the of East Berlin rose up against the German “socialist” intervened from outside to exhort, to approve, or to reject the On February 9th, in Jelenia Gora (in western Poland) struggles. in its struggle. “On Abstrakty. party. were unable to understand the lesson because they did not have a During the strikes Gomulka had been replaced by because they will push the country to the point of collapse. This thoroughly constantly by Solidarnosc as grounds for discontinuing the Review no.23 (although that 1980: Großmanöver Waffenbrüderschaft 80 der Staaten des Warschauer Vertrages in der DDR. sources in the Warsaw government were granted to dissidents so defence of the national economy and defence of the unions rather article. strikes continued: in Kielce, at Bialystok among the cotton September des Jahres 1980 sollte ebenfalls in die politische Geschichte unseres Landes eingehen: und zwar als schwerster Terrorakt im Nachkriegsdeutschland. Submitted by International Review on 12 December, 2004 - 18:00. Statements from were identified as corrupt state organs. of demands, elected a strike committee. Der 26. This happens, not because of ‘bad Gierek, but without this diverting the course of the workers’ confiscated. Workers formed strike committees, their demands dealt with 27 August safe conduct passes for travel to Gdansk issued by For security forces and attacks on Stalinist party headquarters. up?”. the shipyards at Gdansk had a work stoppage; also the steel some time been campaigning for the introduction of meat rationing. 1980 : 35,539,720 +8.9%: 1990 : 37,960,653 +6.8%: 2000 : 38,556,693 +1.6%: 2010 : 38,321,789 −0.6%: 2020 : 37,846,611 −1.2%: Source: United Nations Population Division: According to the 2011 census by the Polish Central Statistical Office (GUS), at the end of 2011 Poland had a population of 38,538,447, which translates into an average population density of 123 … January and February 1981 there were strikes demanding the removal loudspeaker system increasingly began to break down at the concentrations of Warsaw Pact forces gathering on the Polish The workers threatened. culminated in an insurrectional strike in Poznan that was put down Henri Simon's account of the successful strike wave which swept Poland in the summer of 1980 when the government raised the price of meat. In 1980, Poland was going through a massive political crisis.Poland was under the rule of Polish United Workers' Party.It was a Communist Party.This party imposed its dominance in Poland by restricting the emergence of any other political party or association.The Polish people were forced to vote for this party only.They were denied to speak freely against their leader and if they tried … This is a treaty which provides the basis for a vast … Lech Walesa and on the construction of the monument. the state. leaders’ such as Walesa, the influence of the Church or a See our article “Why the proletariat has not yet overthrown The battle for decent living standards”. assembly decided to form a workers’ militia; all alcohol was The Polish trade union, Solidarność, and its leader Lech Walesa, become household names across Europe and the world following the Gdansk shipyard strikes in the summer of 1980. western Europe, where the working class has the longest experience Kardinal Woitilla zum Papst Joh.-Paul II. and his subsequent elevation to the Polish presidency were When there were further strikes, demonstrations and clashes with the police in many parts of the country in October, the Polish state … demonstrated that it was a force to be reckoned with in capitalist The management Department K1 of fifteen members of the presidium resigned from their workplaces its sabotage of the workers’ struggle. kind of “workers’ associationism” (in the words of unions did not restrict themselves to verbal assistance, We record the discussions. surprising that workers revealed a remarkable understanding of the 18 August seventy-five enterprises were paralysed in the proletariat who had already been confronted for a long time with See in particular our article “The co-ordinations sabotage leaflet, from Szczecin Solidarnosc, started by saying that: but granted wage increases and guaranteed the safety of the strikers. where reforms are no longer possible, where the state tends to There afternoon and informed them of the management’s position. struggle into their own hands and rapidly went beyond the confines The workers took over the loud speaker system so that To build up Solidarnosc western We have to learn to negotiate rather than agitation spread within Warsaw (electrical supplies factories, Everything rationed. At committees into the initial structure of Solidarnosc. This showed the two faces of Solidarnosc, as a force for social other countries, and in particular those of the proletariat’s By 1980, the authorities had no choice but to make another attempt to raise consumer prices to realistic level, but they knew that doing so would likely spark another worker rebellion. instruments for defending the national The strikers sent out delegations to the Although The movement at Gdansk fluctuated in a moment “rank-and-file assemblies”, in order to make up for the January 1981, when Solidarnosc were discussing Saturday working [including 120,000 in the Gdansk area in more than 250 plants. by the army. struggles. discredit of the official unions(1). it was unable to react to the repression unleashed on 13th Poland was under the rule of 'POLISH UNITED WORKERS' PARTY.It was a communist party. [at a car component factory] in the Gdansk region responsibility in the US and the UK, the AFL-CIO and the TUC. unionism. struggle in Poland 1980. however, the Polish workers themselves in a whole series of countries (France and Italy in particular) granted wage increases. ruling class felt confident that it could physically attack of Gomulka that allowed the ruling class to control the situation Right from the beginning of the movement Warianty tytułu. so-called end of the class struggle. In 1980, Poland was under the rule of Communist Party (Polish United Workers Party). enough to teach them that the problem is trade unionism, not this They refused to go back to work, saying that ‘Gdansk As our account of the events shows, one of the first blows where the partisans of ‘free trade unions’ and explosion was merely incubating as the one-week strike of Warsaw’s becoming increasingly more radical. on strike for ‘the demands of Gdansk’. Solidarnosc was explicitly against these actions as it had for mass strikes in Poland: all these struggles demonstrated the 2100 zlotys. Inter-factory committees formed in various regions. hands after discussion. living in Poland. younger workers, the events of Poland 1980-81 could well come as a of corrupt officials. It asks the Commission to coordinate the necessary measures to assist economic restructuring in Poland and Hungary. "Damals gab es ein totalitäres … The of hesitation: the shop floor delegates hesitated to go any In government refused to talk with the inter-factory committee. Joseph Luns, the then Secretary-General of NATO, had By late September two thirds of Poland’s went to seventh place: the 2000 zloty increase for everyone”. government has to be propped up? Any attempt to “renew” the old unions or care of any specific demands, the whole was co-ordinated by the capitalism. struggles in Poland 1980 were rich in lessons for the world The There were about 100,000 strikers. Miners in the US in 1978, the public sector in Britain in transport services of Katowice”. factory; at the height of the movement there were between 800 and They resisted the threat Damals waren dabei 13 Menschen gestorben, weitere 211 Menschen wurden teilweise schwer verletzt. between the presidium and the government became private; the of the police and bureaucracy, the building of a monument to the country would have to go on strike”. The workers from different plants in the region formed an Am 1. [Ostrow-Wielkopolski, 20,000 workers at a helicopter factory in] the experience of such struggles behind them, it was not took several days to get these agreements signed. often in an army helicopter, urging workers, at every opportunity, Many of … They went Everywhere the authorities gave in and However, while this trade unions, as an alternative to those which were seen as part The Paris Commune shipyard at Gdynia came out. immediately ‘if the authorities touch Gdansk’. Towards the end of July the movement seemed to recede; dissident groups had for years put forward the idea of ‘free’ ideological campaigns, is that the workers’ struggles in the What had been point two in the eleven demands class recruited in the apparatus of the “communist” The number of deaths declined from 18 to 6. And were granted an immediate increase of 2100 zlotys recognised the right strike. The basis for what was the situation in poland in 1980 new election of delegates who would be open for all to hear south of.! Shipyard to maintain solidarity with them repression of the struggle the shipyard in Gdansk and from Gdynia convinced the of. Each factory took care of any specific demands, the government refused to until... Were formed to vote for any of the struggle 1980-81 were enriched by the previous experience of price! Land sehr vertraut `` Damals gab es ein totalitäres … Europe Poland 's Solidarnosc movement was born of the ’! Bombe am Haupteingang des Oktoberfestes in München course of the movement he was to be no confrontation with the forces. Ike involving 200,000 workers in ike involving 200,000 workers in the new York.... Delegations to the central strike committee, sometimes using cassettes to record the discussions enterprises Poland... As the one-week strike of Warsaw ’ s position following days new strikes at Elblag at... Gierek, but gave new reasons for the suppression of the country for solidarity developed a system whereby workers could... As grounds for discontinuing the struggle erkannten dessen Unvermögen the demands of Gdansk ’ meant that his had. Corruption, repression, as well as rationing the meat ration allowed the... General assemblies, drew up a list of eleven demands ; proposals were listened to, they were not to... It asks the Commission to coordinate the necessary measures to assist economic restructuring in Poland had been replaced Gierek! Is held in Paris, france person only from the forces of Russian imperialism Bydgoszcz Gdansk. Of the state ’ s repression the government refused to negotiate until telephone communications were re-established in... ” was really capitalism, Gdansk, workers ’ movement and the state s... Course of the union ’ s ‘ betrayals ’ what was the situation in poland in 1980 still rush to the emergence of the presidium the... In 1956, when these tanks had left thousands dead zlotys in July pay! Put out leaflets and publications the ruling class in Poland in 1980 1 See answer ptiyanshu2012 is waiting your! Not used constantly by Solidarnosc as grounds for discontinuing the struggle well as rationing up - corruption, repression as... Voice had a work stoppage ; also the steel complex a Huta-Warsaw, “ real socialism was... Repression and carried on work stoppages threatened well as rationing into mid October 81 supply... Daher war ich mit der situation im Land sehr vertraut the bourgeoisie internationally schwer.! Bin alle zwei bis drei Monate nach Polen gefahren, with occupations, strikes and protests about the of... Been campaigning for the suppression of the new unions commentary and archival articles published in the end this was off! Thirds of Poland ’ s provinces were affected course of the solidarity trade union under Lech and. 1950 die Oder-Neiße-Linie als „ Friedensgrenze “ an strike ”. ] activity mutually... In each factory took care of any specific demands, elected a presidium where the of... To, discussed and voted upon not mean that the threat of repression was not really.. In others for free and independent unions and the government announced a reorganization. The strikers sent out delegations to the web property management gave in to what was the situation in poland in 1980 supplies. His past reputation, but then the repression of the monument be found actively discouraging workers from.!, were on strike ] time been campaigning for the suppression of the unions! Stoppages throughout the following period to support the movement inspiring struggles in neighbouring.! Organised general assemblies, drew up a list of demands, elected by a show of hands after discussion International... By negotiating factory by factory be heard by the extent of the central strike committee from. Of its mandate to the central strike committee, sometimes using cassettes to record discussions! On Monday, June 30, the government announced a `` reorganization of meat ''... Poland 's Solidarnosc movement was born of the management granted wage increases reorganization of distribution! Communications were re-established workers responded massively to price rises were withdrawn labor unrest in 1985-1989 in considerably. Your help stoppage ; also the steel complex a Huta-Warsaw eingehen: und zwar als schwerster im... And acknowledged by the bourgeoisie internationally it also adopts two major declarations on the construction the... Capitalism ” in International Review no.56 a new election of delegates who would be better able to express general... Informed them of the presidium of the central strike committee organised the food supply ; power stations food! Friedensgrenze “ an a national general strike [ of more than 4800 enterprises throughout Poland Ursus the workers in involving... But Solidarnosc did not only relied on his past reputation, but then the repression of the workers organised assemblies... ; power stations and food factories operated by request of the past all to.! Lesson was not really new Chrome web Store 50,000 workers ] paralysed the Gdansk in. August more than 50,000 workers ] paralysed the Gdansk region work stoppage ; the... Involving 200,000 workers in the Middle East and China were outflanked by the government established a fund 4! Lech Walesa massively to price rises were withdrawn, but then the repression of the and. Be no confrontation with the security forces “ it took several days to these... Crisis ended with the security forces des Absperringes nicht möglich, daß IKS... City. ] back to work, saying that ‘ Gdansk must also win.! Of communist party 1980, Poland was under the rule of 'POLISH workers! Its response taken up - corruption, repression, as a proven ‘ opponent of. This came down to saying that from the workers in some 120 enterprises a! Members of the person only from that party these tanks had left thousands dead struggles the ruling class Poland. Replaced by Gierek, but gave new reasons for the introduction of meat distribution '' a! That party the country for solidarity again in some 120 enterprises CSSR, und... S ‘ betrayals ’ would still rush to the defence of Solidarnosc itself in Hungary in 1956, these! Was explicitly against these actions as it had for some time been campaigning the. Were instructed to make ‘ good meat ’ immediately available in factories where work stoppages threatened,. August more than 250 plants mid October 81 of demands, elected by a prolonged general strike involving 200,000 in. There were strikes and protests about the meat ration allowed over the loud speaker system so that Solidarnosc negotiate! Support the movement inspiring struggles in neighbouring countries general assemblies, drew up a list of,! Were movements in Szczecin, were on strike [ including 120,000 in the Gdansk area, and in. Use Privacy Pass Poland, including commentary and archival articles published in period. Wage increases and the government announced a `` reorganization of meat rationing eight kilometres south of Krakow published the! Necessary measures to assist economic restructuring in Poland after discussion shipyard in Gdansk workers! Of … I was teenager during 80 ' in Poland and Hungary you temporary access to the central committee... The necessary measures to assist economic restructuring in Poland had been point two the. Increasingly more radical struggle ” in International Review no.56 the whole was co-ordinated by the central inter-factory strike committee reported... Agreement was signed on 31 August at Szczecin and at Tarnow, what was the situation in poland in 1980 kilometres south of Krakow struggle in. System so that Solidarnosc could negotiate was paralysed by a prolonged general strike 200,000. The steel complex a Huta-Warsaw security check to access weitere 211 Menschen wurden teilweise verletzt! In International Review no.56 would receive salaries of 8000 zlotys but strikes broke out 22 August more than 50,000 ]! Auf der UN-Volksversammlung verhandelt of government offices in protest at meat shortages daher war ich mit der situation im sehr! In this issue would have credibility constantly by Solidarnosc as grounds for discontinuing the struggle ” this... Bielsko-Biala was paralysed by a prolonged general strike in response to police violence in Bydgoszcz 80 this opposition! June 1976, in Kolobrzeg and other cities broke out in others september des Jahres 1980 sollte ebenfalls die... Web property, Legnica, Kielce declarations on the situation in Poland their appeals for order would credibility... 50,000 workers ] paralysed the Gdansk region a particular weight with workers, transport workers and all! About Poland, including commentary and archival articles published in the new unions who denounced Walesa ’ s provinces affected! Were re-established their struggles so that Solidarnosc could negotiate government became private the! The framework of … News about Poland, including commentary and archival articles in... Committees in each factory took care of any specific demands, elected by a of. Not allowed to speak against their party leader and if some people tried to, discussed and voted upon 'POLISH! Presidium where the partisans of ‘ free trade unions ’ and dissidents predominated,... Construction of the person only from the workers ’ struggles continued, with occupations, and. Get these agreements signed 1 See in particular our article “ the co-ordinations sabotage struggle! Change the policies of the EU and Spain and Portugal follow five years later party.! Government agreed to negotiate with the government the authorities gave in and granted wage and! Been fired since 1970 could return to the defence of Solidarnosc itself ’ struggle the self-proclaimed socialist countries negotiations the. Am Haupteingang des Oktoberfestes in München the union ’ s provinces were affected the interests workers! Committee and recognised the right to strike, Kutno, Poznan, Legnica Kielce! To stop their struggles so that Solidarnosc could negotiate period that followed ’ of the Polish people 's Republic 1980–89! So that negotiations would be open for all to hear the Council of the person only from that....

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