A geared hub requires only one shifter rather than two, thus is easier to use than the pair of derailleurs which provide a greater number of speeds to sporting bicycles that need them. These associations may lobby various institutions to encourage political support or to oppose measures that they judge counter-productive, such as to oppose the introduction of compulsory bicycle helmet legislation. 9% of all shopping trips in Germany are by bicycle. European city bikes are used in bike-friendly areas for short distances with sturdy tires. The fairly low bottom of the back fender reduces road grime splashing up to a cyclist who is following behind. Hybrid bicycles are like mountain bikes, but their tires are not as wide. An alternative explanation is that bicycle is shortened to bic(ycle), and the terminal [s] is converted to a [k] because there is an underlying underspecified [k]/[s] sou… This high modal share for bicycle travel is enabled by unusually flat topography, excellent cycling infrastructure such as cycle paths, cycle tracks, protected intersections, ample bicycle parking and by making cycling routes shorter, quicker and more direct than car routes. Observers in some car-focused cultures have noted a tendency to perceive or portray people who use bicycles as members of a social "out-group" with attributed negative connotations. The bike has a great feel and most importantly feels good to a bike enthusiasts that wants to peddle. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The 5 Most Badass Utility Bikes at Interbike Stop whining about pedal assist. Factors affecting cycling levels may include: town planning (including quality of infrastructure: cyclist "friendly" vs. cyclist "hostile"), trip-end facilities (particularly secure parking), retail policy, marketing the public image of cycling, integration with other transport modes, cycle training, terrain (hilly vs. flat), distance to destinations, levels of motorized transport and climate as well as cost. The "great car economy" philosophy of the Thatcher government directly favored the growth of out-of-town retail centers at the expense of established retail services in British towns and cities. It also enables transporting various materials on the rack without getting caught in the spokes. The term: 10. 8. The RadRunner is a massive bike. From the mid-1970s the Netherlands has had policies in place to severely restrict the growth of large out-of-town retail developments. Just wish I had bought it sooner! A standard strap assembly attaches cleanly to the rack, providing useful transport capability. [14], The suitability and availability of fully outfitted city bikes depends on multiple factors, including local terrain, city density, car traffic, weather, and bicycle infrastructure. The handlebars are almost always curved back and positioned higher than the saddle so that the rider can operate controls without changing his or her riding posture. Utility bikes are built with a traditional wheelbase, but with reinforced frames that enable them to carry larger loads than a standard bicycle. But it’s less massive, less sluggish, and much easier to maneuver than a longtail cargo bike, with most of the utility. Designs that propose to resolve the contradiction between the cul-de-sac and the traditional interconnected network, such as the Fused Grid, have been proposed and built with varying levels of success. A kickstand is present, and is often dual-leg or a center-stand for stability while the bike is carrying children or a load. In some countries, entire fleets of utility bicycles may be operated or administered by local or national government agencies as part of a public bike sharing programme. A Dutch convention is to carry a passenger on the back rack, the passenger balancing side-saddle. Some governments, wishing to promote private car use, have organized and funded publicity designed to discourage road cycling. When I think urban, I think bullet-proof and unattractive to thieves. These criteria are classified under the headings of: Engineering, Encouragement, Evaluation and Planning, Education, Enforcement. In richer countries, where people can have the choice of a mixture of transport types, a complex interplay of other factors influences the level of bicycle use. A traditional-styled European city bike includes a frame made of low-carbon high-tensile steel, black paint with chromed accessories, an opaque skirtguard, bottle dynamo, simple dynamo-powered lights, and either a single-speed or 3-speed internally geared hub. Utility Bikes. RadCity Electric Commuter Bike $1,499 Learn More. Enclosed drum brakes require infrequent maintenance, compared to rim brakes or disc brakes, and are more durable than disc brakes, which are exposed. The O-lock also serves as a deterrent to ownership disputes, as the person who has the O-lock key is proven to be the owner of the bike. Such tires are faster and quieter than mountain-bike tires, and more durable and reliable than road-racing tires. The key can only be removed by locking the lock. Many Danish bikes feature lights powered through electromagnetic induction. In the Netherlands, many modern city bikes are also available with an aluminum alloy frame, significantly reducing weight to partly overcome the practical difficulties with a heavier bike. [16] In Denmark, the Netherlands, and Germany, this approach not restricted to planning guidelines and is also supported by a ban on below-cost selling. City. The latest systems include automatic switching based on darkness+motion detection. It weighs 65 pounds, with a heavy aluminum step-through frame. Large 28", 700 B or 700 C wheels are typical, providing a smoother ride than 26" wheels. The skirtguard and O-lock form an integrated system. Danish bikes are usually equipped with a back rack with a spring-loaded clamp. A kickstand allows a bicycle to stand in any flat or slope surface without the need of an external stand or support. Cycling has a modal share of 27% of all trips (urban and rural) nationwide.[22]. If streets are bounded by back-garden fences or hedges, security problems can increase, drivers may be encouraged to speed, land is inefficiently used, and there is a lack of a sense of place.". Most of these centered on the use of lightweight frame alloys, new brake and gearing systems, and electronic navigation and monitoring assistance. In particular, the small-tired Moulton portable utility cycles incorporate advanced engineering with relatively light weight. For example P, LT, T, and ST. P. When we use tire type “P” or P-Metric, it means that the tire is made according to certain standards of the United States (drafted by TRA) for passenger vehicles. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A bike with drum brakes is optimized for stopping in wet weather: in wet weather, drum brakes provide more stopping power and reliability than rim brakes; but in dry weather, less. Cueball: A game of pool, anyone? This is often a coil/oil or air/oil suspension fork with adjustable compression and rebound. A European city bike has angled-back handlebars and an upright riding position. [29] Starting in the 1970s, the authorities in the city of Jakarta declared "war" on the "becak" or Indonesian cycle rickshaw blaming them for traffic congestion among other things. Bicycle training schemes can be differentiated according to whether they are aimed at children or adults. The O-lock passes through a hole in the skirt guard. It shifted their use and public perception from being a dangerous toy for sporting young men to being an everyday transport tool for men—and, crucially, women—of all ages. A fully outfitted European city bike or heavy utility roadster typically weighs 35–50 pounds (16–23 kg), compared with 14–22 pounds (6–10 kg) for the average road racing bike and 22–29 pounds (10–13 kg) for the typical modern mountain bike, touring bicycle, or hybrid city bike, commuter, or cross bike. [34] This supports smaller shops by preventing large multiples from engaging in predatory pricing practices by aggressively discounting key goods to use as so-called loss leaders. The Jamis Coda Sport is a very good option if you’re looking for the comfort of a steel frame (steel does a much better job than aluminum at dampening the vibrations caused by … They are good for riding on rough trails. Dutch bikes are the norm where utility cycling is mainstream; Developing cycling cities have some additional challenges and desires - The traditional "Dutch bike" in use in the Netherlands is still the benchmark for daily utility cycling for short to medium distance local trips in most cities where cycling is mainstream. Utility cycling encompasses any cycling done simply as a means of transport rather than as a sport or leisure activity. (1) "Escort flagger" has the meaning assigned by Section 623.008. In Copenhagen and Japan, the O-lock is generally used alone; the bikes are insured against theft and the owner must show that they have the key, to demonstrate that the bike was locked. A public utility. They normally have a slightly curved, roughly planar aligned and elevated handlebar, providing users an upright sitting position. The development of penny-farthing moved away from the utilitarian goal of earlier forms, with its less stable ride, and difficulty carrying much baggage. Chain guards and mudguards, or fenders, protect clothes and moving parts from oil and spray. Utility definition: The utility of something is its usefulness. The bike has a great feel and most importantly feels good to a bike enthusiasts that wants to peddle. Grégory Vandenbulcke-Plasschaert, 2011. This single-speed bike isn’t just built for utility — it’s built for you. A built-in reflector in the headlight and taillight surrounds or is adjacent to the LED or light bulb. Trek does not sell, trade, or rent your personal data to third parties. A report on the promotion of walking and cycling (Hydén, et al., 1999) discussed safety clothing and equipment and stated that "there is no doubt that both pedestrian reflectors and bicycle helmets are reducing the injury risk of their users quite considerably. Beare, David, Pattle, Andrew, and Wheeler, Philippa, "Bicycle Types: How to Pick the Best Bike for You, City Bikes", http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/cycling/cycling_en.pdf, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjNNDPXVvT0, Bicycle transportation planning and engineering, List of bicycle brands and manufacturing companies, Bicycle- and human-powered vehicle museums, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Utility_bicycle&oldid=998484192#City_bicycle, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A battery-based lighting system rather than a hub dynamo system, Aluminum rims and hubs, with fewer spokes, Light plastic or webbing skirt guard, or no skirtguard, Motobecane USA "Bistro 3", "Bistro 7" and "Bistro 8" model, Windsor USA features the "Essex" and "Oxford" model, men's and women's models, Motobecane Bistro 8 features quilted stitching on saddle and grips along with an 8 speed internal hub, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 16:06. 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